Today it is difficult to find a lover of indoor ornamental plants, who would not know about the epipremnum. It looks good among other colors. It is distinguished by usually mottled glossy leaves and long woven branches, which can be braided into decorative gazebos, curly frames.
Epipremnum is a perennial herbaceous evergreen vine that belongs to the aroid. Different sources serve from 8 to 30 varieties of this plant.
Among them there are vines of different sizes: from small to those that reach 40 m in length and belong to the longest plants in Asia.
Epipremnums are called epiphytes, but growing on the type of other terrestrial plants is also not alien to them.
Epipremnums have a mochkovat system of roots. There are a lot of air root branches on the stem. They are able to form a new, appendage root system. However, this requires special conditions. There are two varieties of them. Those that appear from nodes are designed to hook the surface. And those that grow out of internes, nourish the plant and take root in the ground, although there are free. Both types of roots eventually wood.
The stems of adult epipremnuums are monopoid. They take root and are fixed along their entire length. As a rule, there are no free stems. However, with the weight of the fruit, the stems of the plant can come off the surface forcibly. In fact, all types of epipremnum throw out stem processes in order to better strengthen and get the maximum amount of nutrients from the ground. And then these shoots again seek to support, which weaves upwards. The interdousion is separated by a trace that remains the result of the leaves being hit. They form an oblong comb, no thorns.
The leaves grow evenly along the entire length of the stem. Spoons are formed on the stalks. They are usually subtle. The vagina at the beginning of the scaly structure is clearly visible. Over time, they become leathery and completely dry up. As a result of such metamorphosis, the vagina falls away and from them remains a clear noticeable trace.
Leaf plates are heart-shaped, simple. In mature representatives grow up to 60 cm long and up to 40 cm wide. Young plants do not give such large leaves. With age, epipremnums emit more peristosed leaves. They can be perforated. Between the intermediate segments, the central vein is bare. Transparent dots appear on the sheet plate. They are perforated and getting bigger.
The epipremnum blooms only after the plant has reached adult leafing. Due to the fact that the room conditions slow down the process of plant development, it is almost impossible to achieve flowering. Inflorescences can be as single and paired. The development of primary inflorescence occurs in leaf sinuses. Subsequent are formed in catafills and profiles.
The flowers are partially pressed or cylindrical in shape. The coating is hooked, after opening will become almost flat, green or yellow.
The cob is sedentary, it happens on the leg. It narrows at the top.
Flowers are bare and double-domed. The ovary is compressed on the sides, cylindrical. The lower flowers, like the very top, are usually sterile.
Fruits at epipremnum are berries. They have an enlarged column area. The seeds are arranged in sticky pulp. It can be painted in different colors. There's a pattern on the seeds.
The plant found in Polynesia was brought to countries all over the world.
The scientific name of the plant is of Greek origin. It translates "on the trunks." So called liana for the fact that it usually weaves on the trunks of trees. The relative name is Potos.
They are grown on an ampel principle: wrapped on a pipe covered with moss, walls. Wide pots with low sides are suitable for the plant. In spring and summer, you need to water profusely. It breeds with cuttings separated from the stem.
Homeland and territory of distribution
Epiprmnum comes from the rainforest. It spread widely from Northern Australia to India. The largest population is in Asia. There you can find many varieties of epipremnum. In Hawaii it is grown everywhere and is considered a naturalized plant.
The plant is grown as a roomy one all over the world. It looks great in compositions and as an independent flower. For good growth you need high humidity, good lighting and heat.